How to Produce Sugar? How Sugar is Produced?


How to Produce Sugar? How Sugar is Produced?

It is one of the indispensable products of our tables. Sugar, found in almost every food and beverage we consume, is a strategic product. Sugar, roughly speaking, is obtained from the sugar beet plant. The sugar obtained from the fleshy root of the sugar beet reaches our tables after going through dozens of processes. It takes about 7 beets to produce 1 kilo of Sugar from sugar beets. Sugar beet is planted in the spring and harvested in the fall. The plant is removed from the soil, its crown and leaves are cut, leaving only the onion root. These roots weigh about 900 grams. Approximately 18% is sucrose or sugar. When the beets removed from the field arrive at the refinery. After cleaning, the sugar beets are cut into small slices. The pieces are directed into large hot water tanks where they are soaked for a few minutes, then sugar crystals are formed in many kinds of vaporating process. A centrifuge machine separates the crystals from the remaining syrup, eventually yielding two grades of beet sugar. Refined sugar and white sugar to wait in the warehouse until packaged for sale.

Although sugars are found in the tissues of most plants, they are most abundant in sugarcane and sugar beet in significant concentrations for commercial extraction.World sugar production is in the range of 170-200 million tons. About 24 kilograms of sugar is consumed per person each year (33.1 kg in developed countries), which is equivalent to 260 calories per person. Since the second half of the twentieth century, it has been questioned whether a diet rich in sugars, especially refined sugars, is right for human health. Excess sugar consumption has been associated with obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, dementia and tooth decay, and numerous studies have been conducted.

Sugar was used in Europe in the 1st century, not as food, but as an imported medicine. In the 1st century, the Greek physician Pedanius Dioscorides described sugar in his book "De Materia Medica" and the Roman Gaius Plinius Secundus defined sugar in his "Natural History" as follows: "Sugar is also produced in Arabia, but Indian sugar is better. Found in cane, it is honey-like, gum-white, and crunches between the teeth. It is in the form of hazelnut sized lumps. Sugar is used for medicinal purposes only.” England is the land of candy lovers. The British consume 2 million tons of sugar per year. But 80 percent of the world's sugar comes from sugarcane, which is grown only in warm tropical climates. And England is not a country famous for its hot climate. So most of the sugar used in England comes from this strange root plant. Norfolk, East Anglia... England's sugar bowl. Two-thirds of the UK's sugar beets come from this region.